Strength & Conditioning – Specific high-performance physical training does not apply to non-enrolled ones, on the contrary, subjects with a long adaptation stage and large to cope with the complex physical and mental effort, for short time (microcycle) or long time (macrocycle) to adapt to the ever-increasing demands of today’s performance.
Recent studies have shown that in worn-out conditions performers show unpredictable energies caused by certain affective states. If there is not an adequate level of effort adjustment, they are paid either by injuries or by low returns in subsequent matches.
Compared to the current adaptation requirements of the body, it is necessary to choose new ways and methods of applying physical training. First of all, it is mandatory to know exactly the topic of physical training, with all its implications. More specifically, the strength and conditioning specialist knows how important it is to prepare the player’s body in order to make adjustments to withstand all the demands in the championship games.
In my opinion, the notable result of optimal training is the improvement of speed, mobility, strength and strength, the qualities on which all actions are made. The athlete has to improve these qualities, both in ball and non-ball games, with recent surveys insisting on the growing motor skills reactions of the senior footballer.
All these elements can be improved, including in senior level. By targeting physical training, in order for the athlete to remain at the highest level, the coach has to administer him a progressive work regime to achieve the adaptation of his body to great efforts.
In order to increase the quality of training, I believe it is imperative to know ergo-physiological aspects and only to speculate its best laws, using them in our favor, aiming at interrupting unnecessary energy consumption and saving it for competition.
Selecting the means to achieve this goal is of paramount importance. In addition to functional training, specific training for the game is also required. The player must be able to withstand the highest possible pace and the varying situations imposed by the game for 90 minutes.
If the nervous intensity and contraction passes to a certain level, the effects are contrary, the capacity of the body decreases, causing a number of players to avoid too much effort, any overloading causing an increased energy cosum or even exhaustion.
That is why the coach has to put the effort in the physical training effort properly, providing a high level plate for the specific training. The two forms of training blend harmoniously, but preceded, alternately, by stages.
We can say that, the better the player is trained, the more he will resist the work variation required by the playing conditions. The training must include, throughout an annual cycle, all kinds of effort so that at the end of the training the body is harmoniously adapted to all the game needs.
Objectives pursued during the training:
– Recovery processes and functional capacity of the body must reach an increased level for the athlete to be able to cope with the oxygen burden that occurs during specific work.
– Increasing the resistance of energy systems.
– Make a habit for the body to addapt to every type of effort, the oxygen debt to be as small as possible and return as quickly as possible.
I think that there are optimal exercises to achieve each goal, yet it is not so important to choose exercises, but to choose and combine them into a suite of exercises and lessons to reach our previously established goals.
To select the best exercises starts from the knowledge of the effects of each exercise on the body, physical training having to take complex forms, taking into account the needs of the game, expressed in terms of value, in quantities of general and specific effort, aerobic and anaerobic.
The transition from theoretical data to practice, from the knowledge of the scientific data on the laws governing physical training, to the means to be found, is yet another starting point.
A recent conclusion by Professor Sorin-Mirel Ciolca is that “for the achievement of superior sports performances, players and coaches, and not only, must necessarily take into account the trends of the football game in a systematic, systematic, continuous training, both practical and theoretical”.
A personal conclusion is that physical training is an integral and permanent process at all times in all sports training periods and essentially proposes the development of basic motor skills.
„Physical training is included in the training process in direct relationship with the design objectives. The share of physical training and, implicitly, the improvement of the motoring qualities is customized by variants in whose structure are established percentage ratios of the distribution of the motor-specific demands. Of all the specialized works, the one developed by Colibaba and Bota is a reference for the percentage distribution of aerobic and anaerobic processes, lactacids and alactacides in the structure of the training, competitive and transition periods in the annual programming of the training process and the competitive activity”.
- Ciolca, S.M., (2006),Fotbal. Curs de aprofundare. Pregatire antrenori, Fundatia Romania de Maine Publishing, Bucuresti
- Fragments from my Scientific-Methodological Project for Certification of Strength and Conditioning Training Competencies